The total installed wind capacity in Poland is about 7 GW. Before 2016, Poland also had very high rates of wind power growth. Poland was impelled to develop wind power by its EU membership, which imposes certain obligations on the share of renewable energy in the energy mix. According to the “Strategy for the Development of RES in Poland by 2030”, an increase of the RES share in energy consumption to 38% by 2030 was expected. However, in the summer of 2016, the Parliament of Poland passed an act aimed at supporting the national coal sector. In conformity with the act, taxes on RES were raised, and new standards of wind turbine distance from residential areas were set; now, the distance must be at least 10 times more than the turbine height from ground level. This has made almost the entire territory of the country inappropriate for WPP location, leading to higher tariffs and lower investment volumes. In short, the development of the industry quickly and coarsely slowed down.
In July 2018, all restrictive measures were somewhat lifted. However, the only realistic option for the development of wind energy remains offshore wind farms. According to the EU plans, Poland needs to increase their share of RES consumption by at least 15% by the year 2020. But according to experts, he country will not be able to reach the target, achieving 13-14% only.
In Katowice, Poland, from 2nd to 14th December, the 24th Conference of the Parties of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP24) was held.
At the conference, countries tried to reach an agreement on the main issues of the Paris Agreement. This platform was used once again to highlight the problem of global warming and call on all countries to take the necessary measures. The book of the Paris Agreement rules was adopted at the conference, that is, the guidelines and working procedures are described in detail, which in the future will serve as the basis for the actions of the signatory countries. In July 2019, the lower house of the Polish parliament approved the revision of the RES law, which, was sufficiently influenced by the past conference. The new version of the law removes the main barriers to the development of the sector and provides for an auction in 2019 for the construction of new wind power projects with capacities of 2.5 GW.In an official statement, WindEurope Chief Policy Officer Pierre Tardieu, Pierre Tardieu, embraced the decision to organize an auction in Poland in 2019 for the construction of such a significant amount of wind power projects in Poland and claimed: “The latest auction in November 2018 showed that onshore wind energy is very competitive on price: it is now cheaper than from coal or nuclear power plants. The Polish Government clearly sees the special role of wind energy in meeting their rising energy demand”.