Today it is perhaps impossible to find another such economy sector in this country as power generation from RES, which was able to make such a fast, significant and strategic contribution into the national socio-economic development.
Wind power industry growth rates are impressive.
In 2014, Poland "produced a surprise" by adding to the grid 444 MW of new installed wind capacity (thus increasing the total capacity up to 3.8 GW). In addition, in 2015 it exceeded the growth rate almost 3-fold: Poland becomes the second EU country (Germany being the first) with the total annual installed capacity of 1,266 MW.
Source: European Wind Energy Association (EWEA)
The difficulties in adopting RES were mostly economic.
Just before 2013, the country used fossil fuels for generating over 90 per cent of all electricity consumed domestically. Moreover, having its own coal resources, Poland would prefer to use this resource further, but this contradicts the European energy policy aiming at reducing CO2 emissions. When in 2019 paid for allowances for the emission of carbon dioxide enter into force, Polish coal using energy companies will have to pay for emissions (or install expensive carbon dioxide removal filters), which will render the sector unprofitable.
In conformity with the European Union's energy strategy as a whole (achieve over 50 per cent of RES share in the final energy consumption by 2050) Poland adopted a scenario for the development of renewable energy. The roadmap for the development of RES in Poland until 2030, which was developed by the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), predicts the share of renewable energy sources in energy consumption of about 38 per cent by 2030.
Thanks to the elaborated mechanisms for the support of alternative energy development (the system of allowances, concessional loans and tax preferences), the Polish RES sector is one of the most attractive for investment globally.
However, the existing support acts mostly as an incentive for large-scale electricity generation. That is why it is planned to increase the share of small-scale wind power.
Today the state undertakes important steps to adapt its domestic market for small-scale wind turbines. In addition, by July 2016 a new law on renewable energy sources is expected, which will guarantee preferential tariffs for small-scale wind turbines. Such a decision will change the situation on the domestic renewable energy market, as it will allow attracting small domestic investors.