A consortium led by the Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC) is implementing the project to promote the development of offshore wind energy in India “Facilitating Offshore Wind in India” (FOWIND).
It should be noted that India has already made considerable progress in the development of “land-based” wind power. Based on the results of 2015, India still ranks second in installed capacity in Asia (after China) adding 2.6 GW, amounting to a total of 25.1 GW installed capacity in the country.
Having received a share of 5.8 % of global installed capacity, India surpassed Spain and moved to the fourth place in the global ranking. India is also among the top ten countries in terms of investment in renewable energy (USD 10.2 billion).
FOWIND project was created as part of the Indo-European cooperation under the program of renewable energy development and is funded by a grant from the European Union in the amount of 4.0 million euros.
Over the two years of the project implementation, a number of planned activities have taken place. The scheme of the necessary infrastructure for the integration of the two offshore wind farms into the grid was developed. FOWIND also launched research and development work on the creation of “offshore R&D platform” which will bring together Indian and foreign experts to exchange knowledge and experience.
During the next two years, FOWIND will go into an active phase of preparation of the pilot projects. In 2016 the stage of wind measurements (LiDAR type units) will start, forming a feasibility study for the pilot projects, which will become demonstration sites for attracting further investment.
The main goals of the FOWIND project are:
• Create favorable conditions for the greatest possible realization of the offshore wind power potential in India;
• Implement necessary training measures by the experts from the EU to reduce technical barriers and financial risks in the offshore wind power;
• Create a strategic partnership which should establish structured cooperation and exchange of knowledge on offshore technologies between the EU and India;
• Conduct research of wind potential in coastal areas of the two Indian states (Gujarat and Tamil Nadu), as well as prepare relevant economic calculations that will allow to demonstrate the potential of offshore wind power projects in India based on real pilots;
• Develop a "road map" for the development of offshore wind power in India until 2032.
India will continue the low-carbon development path in accordance with the obligations taken on by signing the Paris climate agreement. The country is aware of the growing need for large-scale production of clean energy and plans to reach 40% of electricity generation from renewable energy sources by 2030. Offshore wind will play a vital role in achieving this goal. Considering the fact that almost all the world's offshore wind power is concentrated off the coast of Europe, the aid from the EU in the development of this course in India can hardly be overestimated.