Given that in Russia energy from traditional sources is still considered cheaper than from renewable sources, as well as due to a number of other economic and political factors, the transition to clean energy generation is slow.
Yet, in 2013 Russia decisively joined the countries supporting the development of renewable energy and launched a support system of the sector in the wholesale market.
According to the Resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation № 449 of 05.28.2013 “On the mechanism of stimulating the use of renewable energy in the wholesale electricity and capacity market”, the projects for the construction of solar, wind and hydroelectric power plants, which will be contracted for the supply of the declared capacities, are selected yearly, and the contracts include a guarantee to return all investment costs at the expense of energy consumers.
Russia (as well as more than 170 UN Member States) acceded to the Paris Agreement on Climate Change adopted last December.
The Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of August 1, 2016 № 1634-p approved territorial planning scheme in the field of energy. In terms of wind power capacities, according to the updated plan, 15 new wind farms will have been built in Russia by 2030.
The designed legislation of the Russian Federation for the development of RES has set the main focus on the support of investors of this industry. However, the provided high rate of return adds a requirement to ensure a high proportion of the “local content” in the construction of wind power plants (55% in 2015, 65% - from 2016). The organization of the domestic production of megawatt-class wind turbines, which are now in demand in wind energy, has begun only recently. At the same time, with the attraction of new investments as a result of the tenders for power take-off conducted in 2016, growth of the sector is anticipated.
Russia’s potential of the use of RES in general and wind energy in particular is huge. Many western experts have long referred to the country as a “sleeping giant of renewable energy”. According to the existing studies alone, the registered potential sites for the construction of wind farms account for more than 10 GW of installed capacity. Nevertheless, the share of wind power in Russia now accounts for less than 1% of the total power balance.
Experts are assured that 2016 - 2017 will be the starting point for the Russian wind power market, and the amount of investment in this market will grow rapidly.