The Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC) traditionally publishes its annual report on the status of wind power in the world - “Global Wind Report: Annual Market update”. The specified report informs the world public about new achievements of wind power, which occurred in the past year. It should be noted that 2016 can already show us the first steps of many states undertaken for the implementation of the Paris Agreement on climate (adopted on 12 December 2015).
The document is available on GWEC official website by reference:
“Overall, wind power is beginning 2017 with a good foundation and clear-sighted prospects for the next few years,” GWEC Secretary General Steve Sawyer considers. Although the mark of the annual increase total capacity of wind mills of 60 GW wasn’t reached in 2016, the cumulative installed capacity increased by 12.6% (China added «only» 23 GW instead of last year’s 30.8 GW, Brazil, Mexico and Germany also demonstrated a small decline in expanding capacities compared to 2015).
Significant results were demonstrated by India, which set a national record with 3.6 GW of new installations per year, taking the 4th place in the rating of countries in terms of capacity gain, letting pass such giants as China, the US (+8.2 GW) and Germany (+5.4 GW). Germany has overcome the mark of 50 GW of capacity of all its wind mills. The US introduced approximately as many new installations as in 2015, in spite of “swing” of policies: on the one hand - destabilizing political processes in the country and on the other - a breakthrough in the development of offshore territories. In 2017 the US is planning to reach a gain of 18 GW.
Some countries in the European region have demonstrated unexpected results, for example Turkey with +1.4 GW (thus the 1 GW barrier of the capacity gain of wind mills was broken, and the details of this progress are represented in the report). The greatest contribution from the EU countries was made by Germany, France (1.6 GW) and the Netherlands (887 MW - due to offshore installations).
The leading country of South America is traditionally Brazil, which, in spite of political and economic difficulties, showed +2 GW in 2016. Expectedly high gain was demonstrated by Chile and Uruguay, which together reached an expansion by 1 GW. The great surprise in South America in the past year was Argentina: the country managed to reach a gain of 1.4 GW, having started the year with a new government and with big problems in the energy industry. Only South Africa showed significant expansion (418 MW) in Africa, and Australia (140 MW) - in Oceania.
Summarizing the results of 2016, it stands to mention a small decline of growth; this is comparable to the gain rate of 2014. The total number of global capacities of wind mills has approached 500 GW (of which 16 GW are offshore). The leaders are still China, occupying 42.7% of the industry, the US - 15% and Germany - 10%.
In 2017 +30 GW are expected from China, where the main emphasis is put on concessionary financing in the sphere of renewable energy sources. The high growth is also expected from India and Germany. If the economic situation in Brazil improves, then the increase of rates can be expected from it too. The construction is carried out at a swift rate in Chile and Argentina, Columbia is also opening for wind power. After two years of “lull”, Australia is entering the market again. Vietnam and the Philippines also intend to give an impetus to the development of their (quite considerable) potential. The share of wind power will continue to grow worldwide. It is forecasted to double the total capacity of the industry by 2020 compared to 2015.