The US and Italy are constructing pipelines providing security of energy supply

The State Council of the Italian Republic gave permission for the construction of TAP (Trans Adriatic Pipeline), in spite of protests from representatives of the southern Italian region of Apulia. According to the Minister of the Environment of Italy Gian Luca Galetti, more than ten options for the construction of the TAP, adjacent to the coastal section of the Apennine Peninsula, were considered. As per decision of a special commission, which considered all emerging issues on environmental protection, a coastal zone near the city of Meledugno was chosen. The gas pipe will enter the territory of Italy namely in this zone.

It is a reminder that that the TAP gas pipeline project, which will supply Azerbaijani gas to Western Europe, was first made public in 2013. The project cost is estimated at EUR 4.5 billion. It is intended to build TAP on the territory of Greece and Albania, as well as the bottom of the Adriatic Sea, from which the pipeline is planned to be sent to the south of Italy. According to the project, on the Turkish-Greek border TAP will be connected to one more gas pipeline (TANAR), which is a part of the so-called “Southern Gas Corridor” and is currently being constructed in Turkey. The expected completion time of the TANAR construction is 2018, and of the TAP project -2020. It is in 2020 that Europe plans to receive the first cubic meters of Azerbaijani gas. As of the end of March 2017, 550 km of the pipeline has already been laid within the territory of Greece.

The major shareholders of the TAP pipeline are:
SOCAR (Azerbaijan) – 20%,
BP (the UK) – 20%,
Snam (Italy) – 20%,
Fluxys (Belgium) – 19%,
Enagas (Spain) – 16%
Axpo (Switzerland) – 5%.

And on another continent, in the White House of the United States, President Donald Trump, having invited the head of the Canadian energy company TransCanada Russell Girling, signed the permission for this company to begin the construction of the Keystone XL oil pipeline.

According to the project, the Keystone XL will connect the oil fields of Alberto province in Canada, the states of North Dakota and Montana with the existing oil pipeline that is laid to reach the coast of the Gulf of Mexico (Texas).

It should be noted that as far back as 2015 the construction of the said pipeline was banned (by the US President Barack Obama), since there were concerns on the part of environmental protection experts, who argued that the construction of Keystone XL would harm the flora and fauna of the Nebraska chop hills area and adversely affect the renewable energy development in the continent. Donald Trump, almost straight after his inauguration, already in January 2017 signed a memorandum of intent to allow the construction of Dakota Access and Keystone XL oil pipelines (which immediately triggered violent objections of defenders of nature, indigenous people and general American and international public).

According to the US President's vision, the construction of Keystone XL will increase the security of energy supply within a country and create additional jobs for citizens.

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