A working trip of a Belarusian delegation to Ukraine was held from 13 to 16 November 2017 within the framework of implementation of the international technical assistance project “Removing Barriers to Wind Power Development in Belarus”. Apart from the project staff, the delegation was composed of experts from various ministries, departments and NGOs:
- Ministry of Energy of the Republic of Belarus;
- State Production Association “Belenergo”;
- Energy Efficiency Department of Gosstandart;
- State Educational Institution “Republican Center of State Environmental Expertise and Advanced Training of Key Personnel and Specialists”;
- State Research and Production Association “State Scientific and Practical Center of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus for Bioresources”;
- Center of Urbanistic Projects and Initiatives “Prastora”;
- Novogrudok District Executive Committee.
The study tour agenda began with a visit to renewable energy facilities of the Zaporizhia Oblast of Ukraine - solar stations of “Tokmak Solar Energy” company (10 and 50 Mw) and the Botievo Wind Farm (the largest wind farm of the country with an installed capacity of 200 MW).
Representatives of “Tokmak Solar Energy” company told about state-of-the-art technologies used at the stations: only unique thin-film (amorphous) and polycrystalline modules, as well as company's own patented design (“TSE Tracker System” tracker) are in operation. According to experts, these trackers, manufactured according to European standards and adapted to the conditions of Ukraine, withstand the strongest wind loads. Apart from the already operating 10 megawatt station, the company is completing the construction of a new SEGS with 50 MW of installed capacity, at which Chinese-made stationary solar panels are used. The company has also built a substation and power transmission lines in the grounds of the SEGS to connect to the network.
The Belarusian delegation also visited the largest wind farm in Ukraine - the Botievo Wind Farm located near the village of Primorsky Posad in the Priazovskiy Region of the Zaporizhia Oblast. The installed capacity of the Botievo wind farm is 200 MW, the construction was carried out over two stages: 30 installations were built in 2012, and 35 more - in 2014. The installations are manufactured by Vestas Company (Denmark), a unit capacity of each turbine is 3.075 MW. A modern dispatch center with additional premises for holding of meetings and excursions (a sort of “visit-center”) was erected at the station. The station's permanent staff numbers 20. The owning company (DTEK) has plans to expand the station to 300 MW. And according to DTEK's calculations, about 730 thousand tons of CO2 are reduced annually due to the operation of the Botievo Wind Farm.
During the visit to the wind farm, a field trip was made directly to the turbines, and a short seminar was held in the “visit-center” with presentations by Andrey Konechenkov, the Chairman of the Ukrainian Wind Energy Association. Scientist-ornithologists presented the conclusions of their studies on a negligible impact of turbines on birds based on a long-term monitoring of avifauna in the grounds of the wind farm.
A meeting of the Belarusian delegation with representatives of LLC “Wind Parks of Ukraine” was also held. The head of the company made a presentation on day-to-day operations and prospective projects. The project of manufacture of three types of “Furlender” wind turbines in Ukraine attracted a particular interest. The utilization of equipment manufactured in the territory of Ukraine allows the developer to get an increase of 10% to the “green tariff”.
Thanks to a highly topical agenda of the study tour, the Belarusian experts visited the State Agency on Energy Efficiency and Energy Saving (which is also responsible for renewable energy) and the Ministry of Energy of Ukraine. In the course of the meetings, the issues of developing legislation in the sphere of electric power industry, the integration of wind power (and RES in general) into the country's power grid were discussed. The Ukrainian party gave examples of a successful integration of wind power in other countries, such as the U.S. and South Korea. Current trends of energy development were particularly mentioned: smart generation, the development of industrial energy storage systems, and the development of smart networks. Ukrainian colleagues noted that all energy in the country generated from RES is purchased and supplied to the grid.
Thus, the working trip of the project allowed the Belarusian experts to examine in more detail the regulatory legal acts of Ukraine on the electricity market and regulation of RES, learn about local specifics of the implementation of EIA during the construction of wind farms in order to take into account the impact of a facility being created on the avifauna of the territory, to discuss the possibility of application of experience on the localization of manufacture of equipment for RES facilities in Belarus and many other things.