The Chinese Goldwind Company (full name: Xinjiang Goldwind Science & Technology Co) is a leading international manufacturer of wind turbines. It was founded in 1998, though it achieved its first serious success after acquisition of the PMDD technology from Vensus, a German company, in 2008. A year later, the Goldwin had a staff of over 1,500 employees. In 2011, the company managed to become the second in size wind turbine manufacturer on the Chinese market, and the third worldwide. In 2015, it was the Chinese Goldwind that shifted Vestas, the well-known Danish giant, briefly from its leading position. The company received the main part of orders from its national territories, though its wind farm geographic coverage has been expanding every year.
Today, the Goldwind's sphere of interests also includes Kazakhstan – a country seriously focused on developing renewable energy and planning construction of new wind power plants. By the year 2020, the Kazakhstan Alternative Energy Development Programme will provide for commissioning of 106 wind power facilities with a total installed capacity exceeding 3 GW. In 2017-2018 alone, 18 wind power facilities, including 13 hydro and 7 solar power plants, are to be commissioned in the country. Goldwind was awarded a contract and has already signed a relevant agreement with CITIC Construction, a Kazakh company, for which this initiative will be the first project on electricity generation from environmentally clean resources.
Thermal power plants are domineering in the Kazakhstan energy sector (over 87%), while about 70% of energy is generated by coal combustion. The country is a net importer of electricity (the North and West of Kazakhstan export electricity to Russia, while the South imports it from Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan). There are 118 power plants of various types in operation in the country with a total installed capacity of approximately 22 GW as of January 1, 2017. According to data published by the Kazakhstan Statistical Committee, 92.96 bln kWh of electricity and 70.03 mln GCal of thermal energy was generated in 2017, which was 9.3% and 6.4% higher than in 2016, accordingly. In 2016, the amount of electricity generated from renewables increased to 928 mln kWh (showing a growth of 32%), while the installed renewable power capacity increased by 18% reaching the level of 296 MW.
However, in spite of favourable climatic conditions, the Kazakhstan wind power sector remains underdeveloped. New projects implemented by such companies as Goldwind could give a boost to a more rapid development of this sector.