The Ukrainian Wind Energy Association published a report on its activities in 2017 and on the status of the Ukrainian wind energy market. The year's main development is a major wind capacity increase in the country after several years of stagnation. While, the sector, in fact, did not grow in 2014-2016 (with a three-year change from 497.3 MW to 525.97 MW only), last year the total capacity gain reached 68.1 MW. The Ukrainian wind sector capacity growth looks substantial compared to the recent years; however, even this indicator is almost 2 times less than the 2012 and 2014 records.
Thus, as of the end of 2017 the overall wind capacity in Ukraine amounts to 594.07 MW with 506.26 MW in the nation's mainland, and 138 MW – in the southeast. Zaporizhia Oblast leads the list of Ukrainian regions hosting wind power generating facilities (200 MW).
Among new wind power generating facilities that were put into operation in 2017 is Novotroitske Wind Power Plant (Kherson Oblast), with the first phase capacity of 43.8 MW (the total wind farm capacity will amount to 69 MW). The second phase of the Prichornomorskyi Wind Farm (Mykolaiv Oblast) is launched: a 3 MW wind turbine of the Ukrainian company Fuhrländer Wind Energy became operational there. There are plans to expand the wind farm with additional 3.2 MW in 2018. The Staryi Sambir-2 Wind Power Plant (Lviv Oblast, 20.7 MW) and Shevchenkove-1 (Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast, 6.4 MW) were put into operation, as well.
The publication emphasizes that in 2017, 273.83 MW (45.8%) of the overall wind capacity in the Ukrainian mainland was supplied to the national power grid by "green" tariffs. Moreover, wind power facilities with a capacity of 44.4 MW were able to transfer to the "green" tariffs in January 2018 only. In aggregate, the mainland wind farms transferred 970.496 mln kWh of electricity to the national power grid. The wind energy environmental advantages are underscored in the report by the fact that in 2017 it facilitated reduction of CO2 atmospheric emissions by 736,500 tons and allowed savings of 340,780 of fuel equivalent, or 454,374 tons of coal.
Despite the achieved growth rate, the total RES share in the national energy mix is still low. As of the end of 2017, the total installed capacity of the Ukrainian power grid was 55.7 GW, in which RES accounted for 1.7% only. The highest share of 62.3% belongs to TPPs and CHPs followed by nuclear power plants (24.8%) and HPPs and pumped storage plants (11.2%).
One of the key events for RES use in Ukraine in the sphere of investments and legislation is the country's accession to IRENA. It will enable the country to apply for additional investments into the renewable energy sector development, more closely cooperate with leading RES energy generating countries worldwide, get access to all necessary analytical information in the sphere, etc. Also, the report authors emphasized the particular importance of adoption of the Law on the Electricity Market and the Ukraine Energy Strategy for the Period until 2035. The Strategy is mainly aimed at reducing the share of thermal power plants in the national energy mix by 2035 by 12%. At that, nuclear power plants should provide 50% of energy, RES – 25%, hydraulic power – 13%. The Strategy comprises 3 phases of implementation:
It should be noted that, in the report section concerning UWEA activities, the authors also mentioned the November 2017 mission of the Belarusian delegation to Ukraine (co-organized with the Removing Barriers to Wind Power Development in Belarus Project of International Technical Assistance) that was aimed at studying their achievements in the renewable energy sector development.
Full text of the publication is available at the UWEA website: uwea.com.ua